Article depicting Mercutio’s and Tybalt’s death on newspaper front page:
June 3, 2010
In literature, Tragedy is one of genre in which the main character is brought to ruin or otherwise suffers the extreme consequences of some tragic flaw or weakness of character. The main character, tragedy hero is born with nobility (high-positioned) and happiness. However, tragedy hero is not always perfect, they make mistakes too. Tragedy hero is doomed to make a serious decision but those decisions are drastically error. They are endowed with tragic flaws. Tragic heroes start to fall down as they believe they make irreplaceable choices. This creates audience to arouse pity and fear. Tragedy hero suffers terribly, accept their inevitable fate and meet tragic death with honor.
*I thought I had already uploaded but somehow it didn’t. Anyways, forunately it works. Please tell me something if there is something wrong with the blog.
June 1, 2010
Motifs are recurring structures, contrasts, or literary devices that can help to develop and inform the text’s major themes:
- Light/Dark Imagery + Opposite points of view:
The most consistent motifs that Shakespeare uses in Romeo and Juliet, is the contrast between, often about night and day imagery. This contrasting technique is metaphor as light doesn’t alway means good every time. This technique is to show contrast and may hint what will happens (foreshadowing).
e.g. – “Arise fair sun and kill the envious moon”. This line is said by Romeo when he sees Juliet coming out from window. He described Juliet as sun.
– “More light and light, more dark and dark our woes”. This line is said by Romeo when he spends his only night with Juliet. He just wishes he can stay more with Juliet what so ever.
Shakespeare uses ‘opposite points of view’ in numerous speeches and scenes in Romeo and Juliet to hint at alternaative ways to evaluate the play. Shakespeare uses two main types of character by this technique, Mercutio and servants.
Mercutio is the only character who interferes other character’s perspective that Shakespeare portarys. He insist Romeo’s onesided love towards Rosaline is blindness and wasteless. He views Tybalt’s action (to gain more honor) as arrogance, blind and clueless. His characteristics of strong self-esteem has leads him to delusion of controlling his emotion.
Servants are everyone who not nobleman except the friar. That includes the Nurse of Juliet, servant Peter etc. Servants clearly contrast with noble. The servants usually die earlier than nobles by disease or poverty so they don’t have ambition or don’t need to be greedy to afford more or live longer. This leads Shakespeare describing Nobleman as tragically complex while servants are regarded as simple and common.
May 31, 2010
The Glogposter of Friar Lawrence:
May 25, 2010
My favourite Character of ‘Romeo and Juliet’: Friar Lawrence:
Friar Lawrence is a friar who has been friend to Romeo and Juliet. He is kind-hearted and intelligent. Friar Lawrence is an expert at drug and herb. Friar Lawrence performs the marriage of Romeo and Juliet because this would bring peace to the two households in Verona.Friar Lawrence gives good advice to the couple. The idea of drinking sleeping potion comes from his. In overall, Friar Lawrence helps the couple greatly to be continuos
This character is very interesting and mysterious character. He is a Catholic but he helps the criminal (Romeo) to escape and live with Juliet. Actually, numerous conflicts are happened by him because of his idea for the couple. Throughout the play, audiences can recognise both Romeo and Juliet have made one-step mature. Definitely, he is a character that is significant to both protagonists and plot of the story.
May 20, 2010
Act V analysis:
- Who is Balthasar?
Balthasar is the servant who tells the Juliet’s death and goes with Romeo to the Juliet’s tomb
- Lines 1-9 are an example of irony and foreshadowing. Explain
It is ironic situation which Romeo is supposed to know that Juliet will be back to normal soon but he doesn’t know. Romeo goes out of control. He bought poison and died without ever expecting Juliet is actually alive.
- Which news does Romeo expect? # Which news does Balthasar bring?
Of course Romeo wishes that Juliet is not dead yet by him. However, his servant who has just been to funeral ceremony announce him that she is really dead.
- Explain the term “apothecary.”
A person who sells drug.
- Was there a law in Mantua which controlled the sale of certain drugs? Quote the line which is proof.
Also Mantua has declare one law that no poison would be allow to sell not even import.
# What does Romeo mean in lines 80-81?
l “There is thy gold, worse poison to men’s souls,
Doing more murder in this loathsome world,
Than these poor compounds that thou mayst not sell.”
Romeo says this himself. He is now desperate by the Juliet’s death. He portrays his emotion that murder has been increased by just gold (because Romeo has used gold to get jewelry).
- Why was Friar John detained? Quote the line which supports your answer.
Lines 10-13. Friar John wants to visit Mantua but his companion is busy. Due to other reasons, Friar John stays at chapel
- Did Friar John deliver the letter to Romeo? # Which two things will Friar Laurence do?
Friar John didn’t deliver the letter of Romeo. He wishes Romeo will come on time and meet the alive Juliet.
- Define the words:
l obsequies (line 16) – funeral ceremony
l inauspicious stars (line 111) – unpopular celebrities (nobles)
l discern (line 126) – to detect truth
l sepulchre (line 140) – burial chambers
“A greater power than we can contradict
Hath thwarted our intents. Come, come away.
Thy husband in thy bosom there lies dead;
And Paris too. Come, I’ll dispose of thee
Among a sisterhood of holy nuns.” (Lines 153-157)
Friar Laurence encourages crying Juliet that this is out of control. God has made this move. Now, they can’t do anything for him.
- List in point form all the events which take place in Scene 3.
- Paris goes in the tomb staying with cold Juliet
- Sad Romeo goes after Paris Is in
- They discover each other and fight each other
- Romeo win but Paris die
- Romeo bravely commit suicides.
- Friar Laurence discover the death of the two men
- Juliet also discover it.
- Friar Laurence runs away as Juliet forces herself to stay.
- Juliet doesn’t have poison, use Romeo’s dagger to stab herself.
- The two household found their children lying dead at tombs.
- By the funeral, the two enimies has pledge nice relationship with the families.
- Why is Paris at Juliet’s tomb? Romeo gives Balthasar two reasons for entering the Capulet’s tomb. What are those two reasons?Why does Paris think that Romeo has come to the tomb?
Paris is already come first as he is terrible with Juliet’s death. Romeo explains to his servant he should at least see her face and remove the ring from her finger.
May 19, 2010
1. Why is Friar Laurence reluctant to marry Paris to Juliet?
Friar Laurence is disappointed to hear the news. He was sad for not only the point that Juliet can’t meet Romeo but also the point that her father is using her for financial purpose
2. How does Paris explain the sudden haste of the marriage plans?
Paris who knows that her cousin is dead, says he would make her to forget her family tragedy.
3. What is ironic about the conversation between Juliet and Paris?
Paris misunderstands what Juliet is saying. He thinks Juliet really loves him while Juliet is really talking about Romeo.
4. If Friar Laurence cannot help her, what does Juliet threaten to do?
Juliet intimidated Friar that she would kill herself if there is no chance to end this problem what she wants.
5. Why does Friar Laurence think that Juliet will accept his plan?
Friar believes in Juliet because her sincere love towards Romeo has quite shocked him.
6. Describe the friar’s plan for Juliet.
Friar suggest Juliet to accept the proposal from Paris. She would pretend she is dead by poison (which is actually sleeping pill). After she wakes up, she would find Romeo and run away.
- Capulet calls his own daughter: ” peevish self-willed harlotry” (Line 14). This means what?
- Capulet blames his daughter as good-for-nothing girl as Juliet keeps resisting about the proposal from Paris
# Capulet says: “I’ll have this knot knit up tomorrow morning.” (Line 24). What day is Juliet to get married? What day had originally been chosen?
> Actually, her original marriage day is Thursday but her parent has make it one day earlier, Wednesday morning.
- Explain Capulet’s state of mind in the following lines:
“My heart is wondrous light,
Since this same wayward girl is so reclaimed.” (Line 46-47)
As Juliet accept the marriage, Capulet is really happy and satisfied with her action.
- In this scene what does Juliet do?
- Juliet prays to God to forgive her being disobeying her household. Eventually, she attempt to drink the sleeping medicine that Friar gave her earlier to pretend herself being dead.
# Which lines show Juliet’s apprehension before carrying out the Friar’s plan?
- Lines 14-15
- Which four things does Juliet fear? Quote the lines which support your answers.
- Line 23-37
# Quote the line which shows Juliet’s devotion to Romeo.
- How does Juliet show her maturity and independence in this scene?
- Despite her young age, Juliet did the Friar’s plan boldly to survive and love with Romeo. This shows that she is independent enough from the parents
- Explain the term “cot-queen” (Line 6) Who is called thus, and by whom?
- Nurse use this word to call Capulet (including Juliet) as old housewife. At then, Nurse is very worried with Juliet because of marriage.
# In one sentence, summarize this scene.
- Describe the imagery Shakespeare uses in describing Juliet’s “death”?
Shakespeare describes her body as so cold and stiff, showing realistically the power of poison.
- Who first finds Juliet? Describe Juliet’s condition.
Nurse goes upstairs to see Juliet but discover her lying on the ground so coldly.
May 19, 2010
1. What do the following lines foreshadow?
“I pray thee, good Mercutio, let’s retire.
The day is hot, the Capulets abroad,
And, if we meet, we shall not ‘scape a brawl,
For now, these hot days, is the mad blood stirring.” (Lines 1-4)
The following lines is said by Benvolio to Mercutio. Benvolio anticipates that terrible bloodshed would soon happen by a quarrel with the Capulets. Even more the day is too hot that makes them feel more hot-tempered.
2. What does Mercutio tell us about Benvolio in the lines 15-29? Explain.
Mercutio described Benvolio that he loves fight too much that he would fight with someone for small matter. He always think about fighting. Though, this makes Mercutio himself learn fighting skills from Benvolio
3. What does Romeo remind Mercutio and Tybalt about in the following lines:
“Tybalt, Mercutio, the Prince expressly hath
Forbid this bandying in Verona streets.” (Lines 86-87)
Romeo doesn’t want a fight between Mercutio and Tybalt because he need to be in good relationship with the Capulets as he is going to marry with Juliet. So Romeo warns them that Prince who have warned the violent quarrel between the two households, has banned anymore public quarrel on street.
4. Explain “a grave man”. (Line 96) What figure of speech is used? What is the meaning?
Mercutio is badly hurted after the fight with Tybalt. He tells Romeo that he will be a grave man by tomorrow which means he will be dead by tomorrow.
5. Why does Mercutio keep repeating, “A plague o’ both your houses”?
Mercutio repeat this curse to the two household when he is dying. He is so disappointed that if there was no hatred between the two household, he wouldn’t die this early.
6. What does Romeo say that Juliet’s love has done to him?
“O sweeet Juliet,
Thy beauty hath made me eliminate
Annd in my temper softened valour’s steel”
Romeo says himself that by her love, his steel-like mind has been more soft.
7. Why does Romeo call himself “fortune’s fool”?
At first, he believes he has been fortunate due to his love with Juliet but by that love, his friend has sacrified to fullfill his love.
8. Explain the following lines:
“This gentleman, the Prince’s near ally,
My very friend, hath got his mortal hurt
In my behalf – my reputation stained
With Tybalt’s slander – Tybalt, that an hour
Hath been my cousin. O sweet Juliet,
Thy beauty hath made me effeminate
And in my temper soft’ned valor’s steel!” (Lines 107-113)
The lines are said by Romeo who grieves his dear Mercutio’s death. He feel disappointed about himself that he has behaved so soft to Tybalt because of Juliet. Romeo is unconscious by her beauty and eventually couldn’t do anything to prevent his friend’s death.
9. What do the following lines foreshadow?
“Romeo, away, be gone!
The citizens are us, and Tybalt slain.
Stand not amazed. The prince will doom thee death
If thou art taken. Hence, be gone, away!” (Lines 130-134)
Who says these lines?
These lines are said by Benvolio to Romeo. He warns him as Prince has warned them before that there would be no more forgiveness for the next bloodshed.
10. What does the Prince mean in the lines which state:
“But I’ll amerce you with so strong a fine
That you shall all repent the loss of mine.”
As the Prince has warned them before clearly, Prince won’t forgive this and will punish the twohouseholds heavily.
11. What is the Prince’s loss?
The loss is likely to mean the Tybalt’s death .
12. What does the Prince promise to do if Romeo is found?
The prince says this to crowd about running Romeo, “Let Romeo hence in haste, / Else, when he is found, that hour is his last.” This means the Prince would do everything to catch Romeo. The prince promised the end of his day will be as soon as he is caught.
13. What does this line mean?
“Mercy but murders, pardoning those that kill.”
This phrase can also reinterpreted as “to pardon murder is to encourage it”. This means if a murder is ignored and let it be, this will continue forever.
1. Explain the classical allusions in lines 2 and 3.
The classical allusions in line 2 and 3 are said by Juliet. She hopes Phaeton, the god who control sun, to make time pass so fast as she can’t wait for night to come with Romeo
2. Explain the words:
- cockatrice (line 47): a legendary creature resembling a large rooster with a lizard-like tail.
- bier (line 60): a stand on which a corpse, or coffin or casket containing a corpse, which is placed to lie in state or to be carried to the grave.
- serpent (line 73): mythical snakelike reptile.
3. What is Juliet’s first reaction when learning of Tybalt’s death?
Juliet was shocked and bewildered that her cousin is dead by her love who is now her husband. She pretty knew that there would be something tragic thing would happened by marriage. She shows confusion between grieving and bewilderment.
4. What does Nurse think of men in general? Quote the lines which support your answer.
From line 85 to line 87, Nurse critises men negatively. She says men are no trustable, loyal and honest. They always lie, deceive, wick and cheat people.
5. What is Juliet’s reaction when Nurse curses Romeo? Quote.
Juliet react angrily back when Nurse curse Romeo as her natural instinct that she really love Romeo according to the line 90-95.
6. Where is Romeo hiding?
Nurse says he is hiding at the Friar Lawrence’s cell
1. Explain Romeo’s statement:
“Tis torture, and not mercy.” (Line 29)
This line is said by Romeo, arguing against Friar Lawrence who try to comfort him that banishment is a way more merciful than execution. However, Romeo believes he won’t see Juliet anymore as he get banished so he feels so painful.
2. Which solution to his despair is Romeo contemplating? Quote the lines which support your answer.
According to line 45-46, Romeo believes exile is just like death for him. He want that he’d rather suicide himself than not seeing Juliet.
3. The Friar proposes to give Romeo “Adversity’s sweet milk” (Line 55). What is it? But Romeo does not want to listen. The Friar makes the statement that … (Line 61) Romeo reports that … (line 62)
“A pack of blessings light upon thy back;” (Line 141) List the 3 blessings.
Basically, adversity’s sweet milk means consolation in adversity.
1. Explain what is decided in this short scene.
At this scene, Juliet is forced to get marry with Paris by her parents. Her marriage is on next Thursday. She now feels terrible.
1. Explain the line: “I must be gone and live, or stay and die.” (Line 11)
Romeo says this, saying that he must leave the city to survive.
2. In Greek mythology what is “Cynthia”?
Cynthia was the virgin goddess of the hunt and the moon who is known as she was the daughter of leto and twin sister of Apollo.
3. Explain the meaning of “affray”.
It is the offence of intentionally acting in a threatening way towards someone in public
4. Juliet has a vision. Who does she see and what does she see?
All she can see and imagine Romeo lying in tomb like dead person.
5. What does Lady Capulet mean in the following:
“Some grief shows much of love;
But much of grief shows still some want of wit.” (Lines 73-74)
Lady Capulet means moderate grieving is enough but she don’t need to grieve too much as it sounds like it is stupid.
6. What is Lady Capulet actually wishing in the line:
“I would the fool were married to her grave!? (Line 141)
Angry Lady Capulet enraged and says she wishes Juliet would just die and get married with her grave.
May 17, 2010
- Briefly sum up what takes place in this scene.
Romeo goes into Juliet Garden to see Juliet secretly while Benvolio and Mercutio is finding Romeo and discussing and laughing about Romeo’s love (towards Rosaline at then).
- What does Mercutio say about “blind love”?
“If love is blind, love cannot find its way.” from Mercutio, means that if love is expressed inactively, that love would end in one-sided love. H
- What time is it when Juliet appears at her window? Quote the lines which support your answer.
It would probably be night time according to phrase that Romeo says “Arise fair sun and Kill the envious moon”. Juliet is described as the fair sun which Romeo describes her before.
- When Juliet appears on her balcony, what does Romeo compare her to?
When Juliet appear on his sight from balcony, Romeo describes her as a bright sun that shines and catches his eye according to the phrase “But soft, what light through yonder window breaks? / It is the east and Juliet is the sun!”
- What does Juliet deplore in the following line?
“O Romeo, Romeo! Wherefore art thou Romeo?”What does she wish Romeo to do in this line? / “Deny thy father and refuse thy name.”
She blames why Romeo is the Montague and wish him that Romeo would decline his name so that she would be together with Romeo.
4. Who says the following? What is meant? Give the numbers of the lines.
- “O that I were a glove upon that hand,
That I might touch that cheek.” (Lines 23 )
- This phrase are said by Romeo, wishing himself would be her glove to feel her cheek
- “What’s in a name? That which we call a rose
By any other name would smell as sweet.” (Lines 44)
- Said by Juliet, saying what a name is for. Even if a rose is called by other name, its order smells still sweet.
- “…Look thou but sweet,
And I am proof against their enmity.” (Lines )
- Said by Romeo to Juliet, assuring her to look at him and believe him that her house would not be harm to him.
- “I have no joy of this contract tonight.
It is too rash, too unadvised, too sudden;
Too like the lightning…” (Lines 116-117)
- Said by Juliet to Romeo, showing a bit panic that they are building relationship too fast.
- What does Friar Laurence mean when he says to Romeo, “Young men’s love then lies not truly in their hearts, but in their eyes?
Friar Laurence warns Romeo to reconsider about his love as most youth’s love is not truly by heart but by their visual appearance.
- Friar Laurence agrees to perform the marriage ceremony for Romeo and Juliet for what reason?
Friar Laurence hope this marriage would be a positive chance for two enemy households to love each other.
- What is the meaning of the following passages? Paraphrase in modern English.
“With Rosaline, my ghostly father? No.
I have forgot that name and that name’s woe.” (Lines 46-47)
About Rosaline, Mr? No way, I have already forgotten her and even the name makes me feel ill.
“Young men’s love then lies
Not truly in their hearts, but in their eyes.” (Lines 67-68)
Youth loves are not truly by their heart but determined by their visual figure.
“Wisely and slow. They stumble that run fast.” (Line 94)
Think wisely and slowly. Remember that those who run fast will fall.
- What is the letter that Tybalt sent to Romeo’s father?
Tybalt who notice the love between Juliet and Romeo, sends message to Romeo father to let Romeo to challenge with him.
- How does Benvolio mean that Romeo will answer the letter?
Benvolio belives Romeo will definitely accept his challenge and fight with him as it is concerning with his love, Juliet.
- What does Mercutio mean when he says, “Alas, poor Romeo, he is already dead!”
He is amazed that Romeo is now thoughtless by love with Juliet and laments he is conscious and can’t classify actual situation.
- List the traits which Mercutio attributes to Tybalt in his description to Benvolio.
From the lines 18 to the lines 24.
- According to Romeo, what sort of youth is Mercutio? Quote the lines which support your answer.
Mercutio is like a close friend to Romeo. He is described as he is involved with neither the two households but Mercutio supports Romeo.
“…to lead into a fool’s paradise.”
This phrase is said by the Nurse sent by Juliet to Romeo. She who get humiliation from the Romeo’s friend, feel so disappointed then that the marriage with Romeo would just lead Juliet to bad and negative way.
- Which message does Romeo give the nurse in the following lines:
“Bid her devise
Some means to come to shrift this afternoon,
And there she shall at Friar Laurence’ cell
Be shrived and married.” (Lines 169-172)
Romeo gives the nurse a message to Juliet to come at this afternoon at Friar Laurence’ cell where they would confess and get engaged
- What time of day is it?
The time is assumed as about 12 o’clock because Nurse has gone for 3 hours when Juliet sent her at 9 o’clock.
- How long has the Nurse been gone on her errand to Romeo?
Nurse has been gone for about 3 hours on her errand to Romeo
- Quote the lines which show Juliet’s impatience.
“I would thou hadst my bones and I thy news.
Nay, come, I pray thee, speak. Good, good nurse, speak”
Line 28-29 shows how much she really wants to hear the news from the sent nurse and start to show angriness as the nurse hesitate to tell her.
- What does Friar Laurence mean,
“So smile the heavens upon this holy act
That after-hours with sorrow chide us not!” (Lines 1-2)
“May heaven smile upon this holy ceremony, and may sorrow never punish us for it in days to come.”
2. Is Romeo fearful of the future? Explain the following lines:
“Then love-devouring death do what he dare
It is enough I may but call her mine.” (Lines 7-8)
“then love-consuming death can do whatever it dares. It’s enough that I can call her mine.”
3. What is the Friar’s warning in the lines:
“These violent delights have violent ends
And in their triumph die like fire and powder,
Which, as they kiss, consume.” (Lines 9-10)
“These violent passions have violent ends, and die at their peak: like fire and gunpowder which, meeting destroy themselves.”
- What is the Friar’s advice to Romeo in the following lines?
“Therefore love moderately: long love doth so:
Too swift arrives as tardy as too slow.” (Lines 14-15)
“Therefore, love in moderation if you want it to endure. In the long run, the hasty arrive no sooner than the slow.”
April 28, 2010
1. What is Capulet trying to tell Paris?
“My child is yet a stranger in the world,
She hath not seen the change of fourteen years.
Let two more summers wither in their pride
Ere we may think her ripe to be a bride.”
Paris wants to get married with the only daughter of Capulet, Juliet. However, the lord s of Capulet thinks Juliet is too young and physically immature to get married. Therefore, the lords try to persuade Paris to wait for two more years.
2. What is Paris’ argument? Quote the line which supports your answer.
However, Paris who loves Juliet, believes that doen’t matter to him as he says younger girls have made happy mothers.
3. What does Capulet mean in, “And too soon marred are those so early made.“
Capulet replies back as Paris says he still want to marry with Juliet. He means girls who get married so young, grow up too soon.
4. What is the meaning of:
At my poor house look to behold tonight
Earth-treading stars that make dark heaven light…”
Capulet means that if Paris comes to tonight part at his humble house (being polite), he would enjoyed his night only by beautfiul scene of sky.
Such comfort as do lusty young men feel
When well-apparelled April on the heel
Of limping Winter treads…”
Capulet tries to persuade Paris to join in party by saying that there would be lots of beautiful young women.
6. What does the servant mean when he says:
…and if you be not of the house of Montagues, I pray come and crush a cup of wine.”
The servant warns Romeo and his friend that no Montagues allow to the party (Of course, the servant didn’t know them). Wine and food only for the Capulets.
- How old is Juliet?
Juliet is surely over thirteen and soon will be fourteen
- When Lady Capulet asks Juliet how she feels about marriage, what is Juliet’s answer?
Juliet answers that she would try to like him. She would made her mind after she sees the count with her mom permission.
- Following Juliet’s answer, what does Lady Capulet then tell Juliet?
Lady Capulet requests Juliet to see the count right then as the count has arrived.
1. What do the following lines show about Romeo’s state of mind?
“I fear, too early, for my mind misgives Some consequence, yet hanging in the stars,
Shall bitterly begin, his fearful date
With this night’s revels and expire term
Of a despised life, closed in my breast,
By some vile forfeit of untimely death.”
Why is this an example of dramatic irony?
This example depicts the Romeo’s feeling. He feels somewhat weird and somehow terrible. He has a feeling about the party as something bad starts and will eventualy lead him to death. He perceives his future. In fact, he will really die. However, this is fate that Romeo cannot change. Everyone already knows this storyplot (as they heard from the prologue) but the fate doesn’t allow Romeo to move as what he wants.
2. What do these lines show about Romeo’s belief in fate?
“But he that has the steerage of my course
Direct my sail.“
However, Romeo belives his fate is controlled by some other force. Thus, he don’t care about his feeling and makes his mind only to enjoy the party tonight.
Verbal ironic: meaning that opposite of what you say (Sacarsm)
Dramatic: where audience already knows but characters doen’t know
Situational ironic: stuff is meant to happen but happen
1. Where does this scene take place?
The Act 1 Scene 5 begins with setting of the night party of the Capulet mansion.
2. Who is Romeo talking about in lines 46-55? Explain the irony in these lines.
Romeo falls in love at the first sight with Juliet. He is so shocked with her beatury and desribes she is too beauutiful for the world and to die and be buried. He believes no woman iin world can compare with her by beauty. He also depicts his hand as ugly comtrasting with hers.
3. Why does Tybalt become so upset, and how does Capulet respond to his rage?
Tybalt, a boy of capulet discovers Romeo in the party. He tells to the lord of Capulet, showing how angry himself is about this. Capulet respond the boy angrily that be more mature and patient and do not ever try to disturb this party.
4. Who is speaking the lines below and to whom do these lines refer? What do the speakers mean?
a) “…Verona brags him
To be a virtuous and well-governed youth.
I would not for the wealth of all this town
Here in my house do him disparagement.” (Lines _)
These lines are spoken by Capulet to calm the impatient boy, Tybalt. Capulet praises Romeo as virtuous and well-behaved young man. As Romeo has reputation, he doesn’t want to insult him.
b) “…If he be married,
My grave is like to be my wedding bed.” (Lines )
This line is spoken by Juliet, asking her nurse to ask the boy his name. Juliet also falls in love with Romeo in her first sight. Even, she whispers herself that she would rather die than marrying anyone else except that handsome guy, Romeo.
c) “My only love, sprung from my only hate!
Too early seen unknown, and known too late!”
This line is spoken by Juliet, saying herself frustrated. She is really disappointed that the man who she feels love first time, is from families who she cannot never ever think about them. She lamented that she discovers him too early and finds out his true identity too late.